Sunday, May 27, 2018

Helpful Tips for Troubleshooting your Plumbing Problems

It is often the case that you are led to solve a problem of plumbing by yourself to locate the origin of a leak will not pose you any more problem after having assimilated the good techniques. Our advice will also come to your aid when you should install and replace small equipment without a plumber.

Know the exact volume of water loss from its piping using a meter.
When the water bill goes up abnormally beyond your average consumption, this can only be a leak. To locate a leak, first turn off the meter for at least 12 to 24 hours.

Now that the counter has been closed, all you have to do is write down what it says as numbers and redo it when you turn it back on. Reconciling the two numbers will allow you to calculate the difference and find the difference to determine the exact amount of water lost:

• To stop a leak, turn off the water from your main faucet under the meter. When 12 to 24 hours have passed, you can restart it.

• With a pen and a paper pad, read what is on the meter. The indication in m3 is your water consumption. Impossible to miss the other units: hectoliters, daL and liters to the right of the comma. After 12 to 24 hours, note again what it displays and calculate the gap to know your exact rate of water leakage.

• After leaving the water meter idle for 12 to 24 hours, reopen it then note what it displays. Also open the tap so that the water can continue to flow without forgetting to keep an eye on your water meter. If your meter keeps spinning, there is a leak somewhere. once the pipe leak has been identified, you should stop the meter again and record the final indication. That's it, you noted what the water meter displayed; it's time to confront the numbers and calculate the gap to find the exact value of water volume loss. Divide this number by twelve or twenty-four, depending on the duration of the break, to find out your actual water leakage rate.

• Once all the information elements together: presence of water leakage, flow and exact volume of water loss. You can then go around all your installations and faucets problem to close the leak.

How to proceed in case of pipeline leak?

When it comes to a water leak, this can not necessarily be anything other than a problem with a pipe or fitting.

• What product to use to plug leaking Cu pipe
Effectively seal pipe leakage at a Cu pipe using special "self-adhesive" tape or two-component
adhesive and hardener sealant.

How to repair your leaking fitting
A leaking fitting, it's easy to repair! Just replace the seal.

• A leak due to a faulty copper pipe:
Fix the problem by repairing the leak with putty
Any copper pipe clogging operation begins with the cleaning of copper pipe. First, prepare the area to be sealed by wiping it with a clean cloth and then gently sand the pipe on a surface slightly wider than the leak. This will allow you to hang the product easily.

To perfect its polishing, it will be necessary to use a metallic brush, a fine wool or a piece of fine emery cloth. Segment the putty first then, mold it. Repeat until you get a mixture of uniform and oily product. Now you are going to apply the putty on the leaking pipe to fill it. The leak zone has been well cleaned. Now you will need to smooth the initially mixed mastic and make sure it adheres perfectly to it. Let it dry as long as necessary.

• Fill a leak from a copper pipe with tape:
Take a wire brush, a piece of fine emery cloth or sandpaper, and begin sanding the Cu pipe. Clean it with a cloth and do not forget to dry it. Use a hair dryer in this case. Also, prepare the adhesive self-adhesive tape as you will apply it to the pipe.

Your connection shows a leak?

• When your PVC ring is leaking, it is necessarily defective.
You will have to replace it in this case. If it does not show any defect, you do not have to buy it. Simply tighten it! Sometimes the problem also lies at the joint. In this case, you only need to return it to repair the leak or replace it if necessary.

Water leakage: what a plugging solution for its copper pipe
Finding where a leak comes from is not as easy as it seems most often. Pipe failure due to direct impact, pipe freeze, manufacturing defect, poor weld quality, micro vibration, water hammer ... all of which can cause a leak in your plumbing system. A minor leakage problem such as a simple seepage can be overcome by the use of a hardener and antifogging tape. a significant loss of water in your piping can only be overcome by assembling a new fitting.

• Sealant sealant:
It consists of two separate components: adhesive and hardener which are in solid form. Sold at the store in bars but also in tablets minidoses, the adhesive sealant two-component hardener and adhesive is modulable by the fingertips. The homogeneous and soft ball thus obtained hardens on contact with the air allowing the effective clogging of your Cu pipe.

• Band-Aid :
The duct tape is not to be confused with an electrical tape or other types of tape. this one is in fact self-amalgamating; it becomes one with your hose once used to stop the leak.

PVC piping: 10 practical tips to solve a water leak problem.

1. Shut off your main water supply system
First, make sure that no water is flowing upstream of the leaking portion. Cut the meter.

2. mark the areas of the defective part of the PVC pipe before cutting it
The operation begins with the marking on both sides of the damaged part of your PVC pipe. Once done, go directly to cutting with a handsaw, a saw or a hacksaw.

3. All the rest of the pieces are to be filed
The use of a simple knife, a cutter or abrasive paper is here recommended as an alternative to that of a conventional deburrer deemed less effective.

4. Degrease the contact surfaces:
Take a paper towel and then dip it in alcohol to clean the sleeves; do the same for all ends of the pipe on 3 to 5 centimeters.

5. It's time for you now to thaw the contact areas:
It is necessary to thaw the contact areas to perfect the adhesion to your glue.

6. Calibrate the piece of pipe to be changed
You will need to gauge the damaged part before removing it from the pipe. From the length obtained, you still have to subtract one cm.

7. Prepare and break up the fragment of pipe used to replace the defective part:
Prepare the new tube, gently insert it into the jaws of a folding workbench. Mark the cut length with a felt pen. Take your hacksaw, handsaw or counter saw; start by breaking up the tube. Once done, polish the end.

8. The new section of pipe once measured and cut, you will have to assemble it to your piping:
Before integrating the new section into your piping, you will need to move slightly away from one of the residual pipe sections. Necklaces that hold the shortest part must be undone to remove it from the wall.

9. Consolidate the fixing of your collected piping by gluing the contact areas:
You can proceed in two ways:
• stick on the de-iced surfaces in the sleeves.
• Glue the contact surfaces to the end of the pipe and sections of the original pipe.

10. Combine sleeves and tube:
Finally, all you have to do is connect sleeves and tubes. Then have the sleeves inserted at the ends of the replacement pipe, without rotating them. The replacement tube must then be threaded on each side, on both sides.

Replace a flush and its mechanism by yourself.

Cut the inlet flap on one side of the tank and empty the flush by pulling it out before replacing it.

1. Dismantling a flush is a breeze; first remove the lid!
To dismantle a zipper flush, simply unscrew it. To disassemble your good old flush press, untie the thread linking it to the emptying mechanism.

2. Now get rid of the old flush
Take a wrench or wrench and unscrew the nut directly: the piece that links your faucet to your filling system. You will also need to uninstall the float valve by removing the plastic nut securing it. Unscrew to do this. Rotate 90degree counterclockwise. Do the same to remove the plastic nut and detach the float valve from the tank.

3. Detach the toilet tank seal:
The nuts closing the toilet tank on the bowl must be dismantled. You will have to unscrew them! Then remove the screws from above. After dismounting lift the tank and place it on the ground. The used sealant must be removed in its turn. Use a specific key to do this.

4. You will also have to restore the tank in its place, on the bowl:
The cleaning of the ceramic passes before the reinstallation of the tank. you must screw its bottom and also the nut of the new flush system using a specific key to do this. Operate the assembly of the new foam seal in turn; thread the conical washer onto the tank fixing screw, then the same screw last. Tighten the nuts perfectly.

5. Restore the tap and the float:
Thread a seal on the thread of the float valve and insert the thread into its hole. Reinforce the float attachment nut before installing a fiber seal in the faucet nut. Reattach it manually afterwards. Using a suitable wrench, tighten the nut and hold the faucet at the same time.

6. Prepare to place your new toilet flush:
Adjust the height of the new flush mechanism to the size of the tank. Then mount the mechanism on its base at the bottom of the tank. Secure by turning at ninety degrees clockwise.

Water heater cleaning: 5 helpful tips for successful descaling

1. Turn off and turn off the water heater:
To secure your electric water heater cleaning operation, it will be necessary to turn off the circuit breaker. Also remove the fuse once it is done.

2. It's now that you have to drain it
Draining is not necessary for descaling a steatite - resistant water heater while it is vital for the case of an immersion heater. You will need to polish the tank of the electric water heater.

3. The drain is complete? Congratulations! now you will have to detach the resistance of your water heater
Uninstall the resistor after you have finished draining your electric water heater. Start by uninstalling the resistor under the protective cover. Unscrew the hood to do this

4. Wash it in turn

5. Before reactivating the electric water heater, remember to restore the platinum
For a water heater with an immersion heater, simply restore the platen. For that of an electric water heater with steatite resistance, it will be necessary to raise the sleeve on the resistance and to put it again in the tank. Fill it before reactivating your electric water heater.

Tuesday, May 1, 2018

Plumbing in Singapore: What You Need to Know

Plumbing is a branch of mechanical engineering that deals with the conveying of fluids from one place to another. Pipes or tubes are connected together with connectors and valves to allow fluids, mainly water to flow. Plumbing is applied in domestic and industrial water supplies, drainage systems, waste removal, and fuel gas piping, among other applications.

The importance of plumbing in the society 

The importance of plumbing in the society cannot be overemphasized. On top of many other things, plumbers are able to install and repair toilets, urinals, bathtubs, showers, fountains, kitchen sinks and any other appliance that is involved in the transfer of water from one place to another. Plumbing is thus very important to the health and sanitation of a society. Improper plumbing work may lead to the outbreak of waterborne diseases such as cholera.

Plumbing systems today at a glance

In the wake of environmental conservation, plumbing systems have evolved from the traditional bulky and rigid systems to today’s light, flexible and easily replaceable piping systems. Precisely, galvanized steel and copper piping dominated plumbing systems traditionally. However, plastic pipes are now dominant. Commonly used plastic pipe types include Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipes, Polypropylene Random Copolymer (PP-R) and Polybutylene (PBT) pipes. More eco-friendly plumbing systems are designed every day, and we can only wait to see what the future holds for the plumbing industry.

Tools of the trade

Plumbers work with tubes and pipes. These pipes and tubes are used together with a wide variety of plumbing components such as elbows or bends, tees, valves, unions and sealants to make a path for fluids to flow. For this path to be made, plumbers use a wide variety of tools in their jobs. Some of the common tools include pipe wrench, water softeners and filters, heat exchangers and water meters. More specialized tools include PP-R welding machines, flaring pliers, pipe cutters, pipe bending machines, and soldering torches. The list is long. Sometimes, plumbers also require video cameras to identify leaks in piping systems. A plumber must have all the plumbing tools if he or she is to do a good job.

Must you always hire a professional plumber? 

You must not always hire a plumber for a plumbing task. You can do some plumbing tasks yourself. For example, you can tighten a loose or leaking tap if you have a pipe wrench. However, other tasks may be complicated and may require the services of a professional plumber. Make sure that you can clearly identify the tasks that you can do on your own and those that require a professional plumber. Some plumbing problems may seem simple when they actually need a sophisticated plumbing solution.

Factors to consider when hiring a plumber

We have just noted that you should consider the nature of the plumbing task before you decide whether to do it yourself or hire a professional plumber. What other factors should you consider when hiring a plumber?

• Compliance with the law
Compliance with the law should come first. You want to be on the right side of the law at all times. Precisely, if you are looking for a plumber in Singapore, he or she should be conversant with the Singapore plumbing codes and standards. The plumbing service provider must be recognized by the Public Utilities Board and registered either as a water service plumber or a sanitary plumber.

• The range of services provided
You want a plumber who will be able to provide a wide range of services. Some of the common plumbing services include installation, repair and replacement of sanitary fixtures, pipe installation and leakage repair, re-piping, installation, repair and replacement of toilet accessories and installation of water heaters. Your plumber of choice should be able to offer these and more plumbing services.

• Experience
Ability to offer a wide range of services is not enough. How long has the plumber been in this business? What does his or her previous customers say about the services rendered?

• Availability around the clock
Some plumbing tasks are urgent in nature. For instance, if your toilet is blocked, you need a plumber immediately, even if it is at night. For this reason, you need to hook up with a plumber who will be available at any time of the day to serve you.

• Short response time
Some plumbers take an eternity to respond to your request for their services even if you requested for emergency services. Look for a plumber who will respond quickly, typically in an hour or so, depending on the nature of the services required.

• Guarantees for work done
Be wary of plumbers who will not give guarantees for their work. And for those who offer guarantees, how long are these guarantees? A 10-day guarantee is not a good one, for example. Advocate for a longer guarantee period. Normally, a 3-month guarantee is good enough.

• Cost
Finally, the cost of a plumbing task should be reasonable. If you have a major plumbing task, you can ask for a quote from various plumbers and choose the most reasonable out of the shortlisted ones.

Qualities of a good plumber 

After putting all the afore-mentioned factors into consideration, you still need to look for specific qualities in the plumber that you will finally choose. This is because you may sign a contract with a plumbing services company that has several plumbers. A good plumber is one who:

• Has gotten the requisite training from a recognized institution
• Has all the required tools and equipment
• Shows high levels of professionalism at work
• Does not take shortcuts at work
• Is a good communicator

Where to get a plumber in Singapore

Now you know the qualities of a good plumber and you know what to consider before hiring one. The next question is, where can you get a good plumbing company? There are several plumbing service providers in Singapore, and getting one should not be a problem. Get in touch with the Public Utilities Board and choose from the list of registered plumbers. You can also look for advice online. There are several articles on plumbing in Singapore and you can easily get help from them.

In summary, plumbers are some of the professionals that are ever in demand. For this reason, it may be easier for you to hire a permanent plumber who will be at your beck and call whenever you need plumbing services.